The Masoretic Text is the authoritative Hebrew text of the Hebrew Bible, or Tanakh.
It defines the books of the Jewish canon, and also the precise letter-text of these biblical books, with their vocalization and accentuation.
The collection is broken up to form twelve individual books in the Christian Old Testament, one for each of the prophets: "writings") is the third and final section of the Tanakh.
The Ketuvim are believed to have been written under the Ruach Ha Kodesh (the Holy Spirit) but with one level less authority than that of prophecy.
Scholars have attempted to reconstruct something of the history of the oral traditions behind the Gospels, but the results have not been too encouraging.
The period of transmission is short: less than 40 years passed between the death of Jesus and the writing of Mark's Gospel.
As a general rule, one can say that the Orthodox Churches generally follow the Septuagint in including more books in their Old Testaments than are in the Jewish canon.
The New Testament is a collection of writings by early Christians, believed to be mostly Jewish disciples of Christ, written in first-century Koine Greek.
These early Christian Greek writings consist of Gospels, letters, and apocalyptic writings.
The oldest extant manuscripts of the Masoretic Text date from approximately the 9th century CE, The first eleven chapters of Genesis provide accounts of the creation (or ordering) of the world and the history of God's early relationship with humanity.
The remaining thirty-nine chapters of Genesis provide an account of God's covenant with the Biblical patriarchs Abraham, Isaac and Jacob (also called Israel) and Jacob's children, the "Children of Israel", especially Joseph.